Personal Social Capital and Socio-occupational Function of Persons with Schizophrenia: A Comparative Study

  • Nilesh Maruti Gujar PhD Scholar, Department of Psychiatric Social Work, LGB Regional Institute of Mental Health, Tezpur, Assam, India
  • Lokesh Kumar Ranjan Psychiatric Social Worker, Central India Institute of Mental Health Neuro Sciences, Dewada, Rajnandgaon, Chhattisgarh, India
  • Deepanjan Bhattacharjee Assistant Professor and Head, Department of Psychiatric Social Work, CIP, Ranchi, India
  • Basudeb Das 4Professor, Department of Psychiatry, CIP, Ranchi, Jharkhand, India
  • Narendra Kumar Singh Psychiatric Social Worker, Department of Psychiatric Social Work, CIP, Ranchi, Jharkhand, India

Abstract

Background: Personal social capital is an individual’s networks and connections between individuals that can provide support which is characterized by reciprocity, trustworthiness and resources. Individuals who are excluded from accessing social capital have a higher risk of schizophrenia and may have informal social control. Social functioning of individuals with schizophrenia gets disturbed therefore improving the functioning levels is considered to be an important goal in treating schizophrenia. Aim: To assess and compare personal social capital and socio-occupational functioning of patients with schizophrenia and normal controls. Materials and Methods: The sample consisted of 60 individuals (30 patients diagnosed with schizophrenia and 30 normal population) selected from the outpatient department (OPD) of the Central Institute of Psychiatry, Ranchi by using purposive sampling method. Positive and negative syndrome scale (for study group) and General health questionnaire (for normal population) applied for screening. Participants who fulfilled inclusion criteria were informed about study and consent was obtained. Socio-demographic and clinical datasheet, Personal Social Capital Scale and socio-occupational functioning scale were administered. Results: Present study shows a significant difference in personal social capital and socio-occupational functioning of persons with schizophrenia and normal controls. Conclusion: The patients with schizophrenia hold lower personal social capital and socio-occupational functioning than the normal population. Personal social capital and socio-occupational functioning showed a significant positive correlation, therefore, improvement in socio-occupational functioning can help to enhance personal social capital.


Keywords: Schizophrenia, personal social capital, socio-occupational functioning

Published
Jan 27, 2019
How to Cite
GUJAR, Nilesh Maruti et al. Personal Social Capital and Socio-occupational Function of Persons with Schizophrenia: A Comparative Study. Indian Journal of Psychiatric Social Work, [S.l.], p. 34-40, jan. 2019. ISSN 0302-1610. Available at: <http://pswjournal.org/index.php/ijpsw/article/view/63>. Date accessed: 24 apr. 2019.
Section
Original Research Papers